Spelling when adding “-ing”

Is the word runing or runningIs it coming or comming?  Do you know how to spell them?  Is there an easy way to know?  Yes, there is.  I will tell you some rules.

First of all, do you know what a vowel is?  They are the letters A, E, I, O, and U.

Do you know what a consonant is?  They are all of the letters except vowels.  B, C, D, F, etc.

 

  • Rule 1  If a word ends with a vowel and a consonant, you should double the consonant (make another one) before adding -ing. 
    • Here is an example…  run.  U is a vowel, N is a consonant.  There is only one syllable.  So the spelling is running.  Also look at the word stop.  O is a vowel and P is a consonant.  So the spelling is stopping.
  • Rule 2  If a word ends with an -e, like the word come, take off the -e and add -ing.  The word becomes coming.

  • Rule 3 If the word ends with two vowels and a consonant, like clean, do not double the last letter.  Just add -ing.  The new word is cleaning.

  • Rule 4  How about a word that ends with two consonants like help?  Just add -ing.  The word becomes helping.

  • Rule 5  If a word ends with a -y, like play, just add -ing.  The word becomes playing.

  • Rule 6  If a word ends with -ie, like die, change the ie to y and add -ing.  The new word becomes dying.

So the only words that have special changes are words that match rule # 1 and # 6.  For everything else, just add -ing.

 

Questions

Test your new knowledge.  Add -ing to the word. 

1.  love        

 

2.  fly       

3.  walk       

4.  plan       

5. work       

6.  cook       

7.  rain       

8.  drum       

9.  smile       

10. stay       

 

(Contributed by Teacher Radhiah)

Capitalization

How do you know when to use a capital letter?  Here are some rules.

 

  • 1.  The beginning of sentences- 

Where is he?  He’s at the store.

 

  • 2.  When you talk about yourself use capital I, not i.
  • 3.  Names- 

Nancy Smith

  • 4.  Cities, States, Provinces, Countries, Continents and Geographical Areas-

Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, North America, Pacific Ocean, Amazon River

  • 5.  Titles- 

Mr. Johnson, Miss Lee, Dr. Jones, Ambassador Jung

  • 6.  Languages and Nationalities- 

Mexican, French, Russian

  • 7.  Days and Months- 

Thursday, March 13

  • 8.  Schools- 

Boise High SchoolColorado State University (CSU)

Also capitalize names of religions, school courses (History,) streets, buildings, and parks.

 

 

 

Now you try…

Rewrite the following paragraph using capital letters where they are needed.  See the answers below.

i want to tell you about my professor, dr. lawrence cochran.  he lives in los angeles and works at ucla.  on monday, june 13 he will fly to cairo, egypt and visit the nile river.  he can speak arabic and his wife is egyptian.

 

Answers to Paragraph

I want to tell you about my professor, Dr. Lawrence Cochran. He lives in Los Angeles and works at UCLA. On Monday, June 13 he will fly to Cairo, Egypt and visit the Nile River. He can speak Arabic and his wife is Egyptian. 

(Contributed by Teacher Radhiah)

IDIOM

What is an idiom??

 

An idiom is a natural manner of speaking to a native speaker of a language.

 

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

 

A Bird In The Hand Is Worth Two In The Bush:


Having something that is certain is much better than taking a risk for more, because chances are you might lose everything.

A Blessing In Disguise:
Something good that isn’t recognized at first.

A Chip On Your Shoulder:
Being upset for something that happened in the past.

A Dime A Dozen:
Anything that is common and easy to get.

A Doubting Thomas:
A skeptic who needs physical or personal evidence in order to believe something.

A Drop in the Bucket:
A very small part of something big or whole.

A Fool And His Money Are Easily Parted:
It’s easy for a foolish person to lose his/her money.

A House Divided Against Itself Cannot Stand:
Everyone involved must unify and function together or it will not work out.

A Leopard Can’t Change His Spots:
You cannot change who you are.

A Penny Saved Is A Penny Earned:
By not spending money, you are saving money (little by little).

A Picture Paints a Thousand Words:
A visual presentation is far more descriptive than words.

A Piece of Cake:
A task that can be accomplished very easily.

A Slap on the Wrist:
A very mild punishment.

A Taste Of Your Own Medicine:
When you are mistreated the same way you mistreat others.

A Toss-Up:
A result that is still unclear and can go either way.

Actions Speak Louder Than Words:
It’s better to actually do something than just talk about it.

Add Fuel To The Fire:
Whenever something is done to make a bad situation even worse than it is.

Against The Clock:
Rushed and short on time.

All Bark And No Bite:
When someone is threatening and/or aggressive but not willing to engage in a fight.

All Greek to me:
Meaningless and incomprehensible like someone who cannot read, speak, or understand any of the Greek language would be.

All In The Same Boat:
When everyone is facing the same challenges.

An Arm And A Leg:
Very expensive. A large amount of money.

An Axe To Grind:
To have a dispute with someone.

Apple of My Eye:
Someone who is cherished above all others.

As High As A Kite:
Anything that is high up in the sky.

At The Drop Of A Hat:
Willing to do something immediately.

 

 

B

Back Seat Driver:
People who criticize from the sidelines, much like someone giving unwanted advice from the back seat of a vehicle to the driver.

Back To Square One:
Having to start all over again.

Back To The Drawing Board:
When an attempt fails and it’s time to start all over.

Baker’s Dozen:
Thirteen.

Barking Up The Wrong Tree:
A mistake made in something you are trying to achieve.

Beat A Dead Horse:
To force an issue that has already ended.

Beating Around The Bush:
Avoiding the main topic. Not speaking directly about the issue.

Bend

Over Backwards:
Do whatever it takes to help. Willing to do anything.

Between A Rock And A Hard Place:
Stuck between two very bad options.

Bite Off More Than You Can Chew:
To take on a task that is way to big.

Bite Your Tongue:
To avoid talking.

Blood Is Thicker Than Water:
The family bond is closer than anything else.

Blue Moon:
A rare event or occurance.

Break A Leg:
A superstitious way to say ‘good luck’ without saying ‘good luck’, but rather the opposite.

Buy A Lemon:
To purchase a vehicle that constantly gives problems or stops running after you drive it away.


C

Can’t Cut The Mustard :
Someone who isn’t adequate enough to compete or participate.

Cast Iron Stomach:
Someone who has no problems, complications or ill effects with eating anything or drinking anything.

Charley Horse:
Stiffness in the leg / A leg cramp.

Chew someone out:
Verbally scold someone.

Chip on his Shoulder:
Angry today about something that occured in the past.

Chow Down:
To eat.

Close but no Cigar:
To be very near and almost accomplish a goal, but fall short.

Cock and Bull Story:
An unbelievable tale.

Come Hell Or High Water:
Any difficult situation or obstacle.

Crack Someone Up:
To make someone laugh.

Cross Your Fingers:
To hope that something happens the way you want it to.

Cry Over Spilt Milk:
When you complain about a loss from the past.

 

 


Cry Wolf:
Intentionally raise a false alarm.

Cup Of Joe:
A cup of coffee.

Curiosity Killed The Cat:
Being Inquisitive can lead you into a dangerous situation.

Cut to the Chase:
Leave out all the unnecessary details and just get to the point.


D

Dark Horse:
One who was previously unknown and is now prominent.

Dead Ringer:
100% identical. A duplicate.

Devil’s Advocate:
Someone who takes a position for the sake of argument without believing in that particular side of the arguement. It can also mean one who presents a counter argument for a position they do believe in, to another debater.

Dog Days of Summer:
The hottest days of the summer season.

Don’t count your chickens before they hatch:
Don’t rely on it until your sure of it.

Don’t Look A Gift Horse In The Mouth:
When someone gives you a gift, don’t be ungrateful.

Don’t Put All Your Eggs In One Basket:
Do not put all your resources in one possibility.

Doozy:
Something outstanding.

Down To The Wire:
Something that ends at the last minute or last few seconds.

Drastic Times Call For Drastic Measures:
When you are extremely desperate you need to take extremely desperate actions.

Drink like a fish:
To drink very heavily.

Drive someone up the wall:
To irritate and/or annoy very much.

Dropping Like Flies:
A large number of people either falling ill or dying.

Dry Run:
Rehearsal.


E

Eighty Six:
A certain item is no longer available. Or this idiom can also mean, to throw away.

Elvis has left the building:
The show has come to an end. It’s all over.

Ethnic Cleansing:
Killing of a certain ethnic or religious group on a massive scale.

Every Cloud Has A Silver Lining:
Be optimistic, even difficult times will lead to better days.

Everything But The Kitchen Sink:
Almost everything and anything has been included.

Excuse my French:
Please forgive me for cussing.

Cock and Bull Story:
An unbelievable tale.

Cock and Bull Story:
An unbelievable tale.


F

Feeding Frenzy:
An aggressive attack on someone by a group.

Field Day:
An enjoyable day or circumstance.

Finding Your Feet:
To become more comfortable in whatever you are doing.

Finger lickin’ good:
A very tasty food or meal.

Fixed In Your Ways:
Not willing or wanting to change from your normal way of doing something.

Flash In The Pan:
Something that shows potential or looks promising in the beginning but fails to deliver anything in the end.

Flea Market:
A swap meet. A place where people gather to buy and sell inexpensive goods.

Flesh and Blood:
This idiom can mean living material of which people are made of, or it can refer to someone’s family.

Flip The Bird:
To raise your middle finger at someone.

Foam at the Mouth:
To be enraged and show it.

Fools’ Gold:
Iron pyrites, a worthless rock that resembles real gold.

French Kiss:
An open mouth kiss where tongues touch.

From Rags To Riches:
To go from being very poor to being very wealthy.

Fuddy-duddy:
An old-fashioned and foolish type of person.

Full Monty:
This idiom can mean either, “the whole thing” or “completely nude”.

Funny Farm:
A mental institutional facility.


G

Get Down to Brass Tacks:
To become serious about something.

Get Over It:
To move beyond something that is bothering you.

Get Up On The Wrong Side Of The Bed:
Someone who is having a horrible day.

Get Your Walking Papers:
Get fired from a job.

Give Him The Slip:
To get away from. To escape.

Go Down Like A Lead Balloon:
To be received badly by an audience.

Go For Broke:
To gamble everything you have.

Go Out On A Limb:
Put yourself in a tough position in order to support someone/something.

Go The Extra Mile:
Going above and beyond whatever is required for the task at hand.

Good Samaritan:
Someone who helps others when they are in need, with no discussion for compensation, and no thought of a reward.

Graveyard Shift:
Working hours from about 12:00 am to 8:00 am. The time of the day when most other people are sleeping.

Great Minds Think Alike:
Intelligent people think like each other.

Green Room:
The waiting room, especially for those who are about to go on a tv or radio show.

Gut Feeling:
A personal intuition you get, especially when feel something may not be right.


H

Haste Makes Waste:
Quickly doing things results in a poor ending.

Hat Trick:
When one player scores three goals in the same hockey game. This idiom can also mean three scores in any other sport, such as 3 homeruns, 3 touchdowns, 3 soccer goals, etc.

Have an Axe to Grind:
To have a dispute with someone.

He Lost His Head:
Angry and overcome by emotions.

Head Over Heels:
Very excited and/or joyful, especially when in love.

Hell in a Hand basket:
Deteriorating and headed for complete disaster.

High Five:
Slapping palms above each others heads as celebration gesture.

High on the Hog:
Living in Luxury.

Hit The Books:
To study, especially for a test or exam.

Hit The Hay:
Go to bed or go to sleep.

Hit The Nail on the Head:
Do something exactly right or say something exactly right.

Hit The Sack:
Go to bed or go to sleep.

Hocus Pocus:
In general, a term used in magic or trickery.

Hold Your Horses:
Be patient.


I

Icing On The Cake:
When you already have it good and get something on top of what you already have.

Idle Hands Are The Devil’s Tools:
You are more likely to get in trouble if you have nothing to do.

If It’s Not One Thing, It’s Another:
When one thing goes wrong, then another, and another…

In Like Flynn:
To be easily successful, especially when sexual or romantic.

In The Bag:
To have something secured.

In The Buff:
Nude.

In The Heat Of The Moment:
Overwhelmed by what is happening in the moment.

In Your Face:
An aggressive and bold confrontation.

It Takes Two To Tango:
A two person conflict where both people are at fault.

It’s A Small World:
You frequently see the same people in different places.

Its Anyone’s Call:
A competition where the outcome is difficult to judge or predict.

Ivy League:
Since 1954 the Ivy League has been the following universities: Columbia, Brown, Cornell, Dartmouth, Yale, Pennsylvania, Princeton, and Harvard.


J

Jaywalk:
Crossing the street (from the middle) without using the crosswalk.

Joshing Me:
Tricking me.


K

Keep An Eye On Him:
You should carefully watch him.

Keep body and soul together:
To earn a sufficient amount of money in order to keep yourself alive .

Keep your chin up:
To remain joyful in a tough situation.

Kick The Bucket:
Die.

Kitty-corner:
Diagonally across. Sometimes called Catty-Corner as well.

Knee Jerk Reaction:
A quick and automatic response.

Knock On Wood:
Knuckle tapping on wood in order to avoid some bad luck.

Know the Ropes:
To understand the details.


L

Last but not least:
An introduction phrase to let the audience know that the last person mentioned is no less important than those introduced before him/her.

Lend Me Your Ear:
To politely ask for someone’s full attention.

Let Bygones Be Bygones:
To forget about a disagreement or arguement.

Let Sleeping Dogs Lie:
To avoid restarting a conflict.

Let The Cat Out Of The Bag:
To share a secret that wasn’t suppose to be shared.

Level playing field:
A fair competition where no side has an advantage.

Like a chicken with its head cut off:
To act in a frenzied manner.

liquor someone up:
To get someone drunk.

Long in the Tooth:
Old people (or horses).

Loose Cannon:
Someone who is unpredictable and can cause damage if not kept in check.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


M

Make No Bones About:
To state a fact so there are no doubts or objections.

Method To My Madness:
Strange or crazy actions that appear meaningless but in the end are done for a good reason.

Mumbo Jumbo:
Nonsense or meaningless speech.

Mum’s the word:
To keep quiet. To say nothing.


N

Nest Egg:
Savings set aside for future use.

Never Bite The Hand That Feeds You:
Don’t hurt anyone that helps you.

New kid on the block:
Someone new to the group or area.

New York Minute:
A minute that seems to go by quickly, especially in a fast paced environment.

No Dice:
To not agree. To not accept a proposition.

No Room to Swing a Cat:
An unsually small or confined space.

Not Playing With a Full Deck:
Someone who lacks intelligence.


O

Off On The Wrong Foot:
Getting a bad start on a relationship or task.

Off The Hook:
No longer have to deal with a tough situation.

Off the Record:
Something said in confidence that the one speaking doesn’t want attributed to him/her.

On Pins And Needles:
Anxious or nervous, especially in anticipation of something.

On The Fence:
Undecided.

On The Same Page:
When multiple people all agree on the same thing.

Out Of The Blue:
Something that suddenly and unexpectedly occurs.

Out On A Limb:
When someone puts themself in a risky situation.

Out On The Town:
To enjoy yourself by going out.

Over My Dead Body:
When you absolutely will not allow something to happen.

Over the Top:
Very excessive.


P

Pass The Buck:
Avoid responsibility by giving it to someone else.

Pedal to the metal:
To go full speed, especially while driving a vehicle.

Peeping Tom:
Someone who observes people in the nude or sexually active people, mainly for his own gratification.

Pick up your ears:
To listen very carefully.

Pig In A Poke:
A deal that is made without first examining it.

Pig Out :
To eat alot and eat it quickly.

Pipe Down:
To shut-up or be quiet.

Practice Makes Perfect:
By constantly practicing, you will become better.

Pull the plug:
To stop something. To bring something to an end.

Pulling Your Leg:
Tricking someone as a joke.

Put a sock in it:
To tell noisy person or a group to be quiet.


Q

Queer the pitch:
Destroy or ruin a plan.


R

Raincheck:
An offer or deal that is declined right now but willing to accept later.

Raining Cats and Dogs:
A very loud and noisy rain storm.

Ring Fencing:
Seperated usual judgement to guarantee protection, especially project funds.

Rise and Shine:
Time to get out of bed and get ready for work/school.

Rome

Was Not Built In One Day:
If you want something to be completely properly, then its going to take time.

Rule Of Thumb:
A rough estimate.

Run out of steam:
To be completely out of energy.


S

Saved By The Bell:
Saved at the last possible moment.

Scapegoat:
Someone else who takes the blame.

Scot-free:
To escape and not have to pay.

Sick As A Dog:
To be very sick (with the flu or a cold).

Sitting Shotgun:
Riding in the front passenger seat of a car.

Sixth Sense:
A paranormal sense that allows you to communicate with the dead.

Skid Row:
The rundown area of a city where the homeless and drug users live.

Smell A Rat:
To detect somone in the group is betraying the others.

Smell Something Fishy:
Detecting that something isn’t right and there might be a reason for it.

Son of a Gun:
A scamp.

Southpaw:
Someone who is left-handed.

Spitting Image:
The exact likeness or kind.

Start From Scratch:
To do it all over again from the beginning.


T

The Ball Is In Your Court:
It is your decision this time.

The Best Of Both Worlds:
There are two choices and you have them both.

The Bigger They Are The Harder They Fall:
While the bigger and stronger opponent might be alot more difficult to beat, when you do they suffer a much bigger loss.

The Last Straw:
When one small burden after another creates an unbearable situation, the last straw is the last small burden that one can take.

The Whole Nine Yards:
Everything. All of it.

Third times a charm:
After no success the first two times, the third try is a lucky one.

Tie the knot:
To get married.

Til the cows come home:
A long time.

To Make A Long Story Short:
Something someone would say during a long and boring story in order to keep his/her audience from losing attention. Usually the story isn’t shortened.

To Steal Someone’s Thunder:
To take the credit for something someone else did.

Tongue And Cheek:
humor, not to be taken serious.

Turn A Blind Eye:
Refuse to acknowledge something you know is real or legit.

Twenty three skidoo:
To be turned away.


U

Under the weather:
Feeling ill or sick.

Up a blind alley:
Going down a course of action that leads to a bad outcome.

Use Your Loaf:
Use your head. Think smart.


V

Van Gogh’s ear for music:
Tone deaf.

Variety Is The Spice Of Life:
The more experiences you try the more exciting life can be.


W

Wag the Dog:
A diversion away from something of greater importance.

Water Under The Bridge:
Anything from the past that isn’t significant or important anymore.

Wear Your Heart On Your Sleeve:
To openly and freely express your emotions.

When It Rains, It Pours:
Since it rarely rains, when it does it will be a huge storm.

When Pigs Fly :
Something that will never ever happen.

Wild and Woolly:
Uncultured and without laws.

Wine and Dine:
When somebody is treated to an expensive meal.

Without A Doubt:
For certain.


X

X marks the spot:
A phrase that is said when someone finds something he/she has been looking for.


Y

You Are What You Eat:
In order to stay healthy you must eat healthy foods.

You Can’t Judge A Book By Its Cover:
Decisions shouldn’t be made primarily on appearance.

You Can’t Take it With You:
Enjoy what you have and not what you don’t have, since when you die you cannot take things (such as money) with you.

Your Guess Is As Good As Mine:
I have no idea.


Z

Zero Tolerance:
No crime or law breaking big or small will be overlooked

(Contributed by Teacher Radhiah)

Confusing Words

There are words in English with same, or similar, spellings, but are pronounced differently and have different meanings. The following list of such words along with examples will help you understand the difference between such similar looking words.

Verb

Example  

Noun/ adjective

Example
Perfect

[perFECT]

  1. He wants to perfect his English.
  2. Azman perfected his batting over the years.
  Perfect

[PERfect]

  1. My teacher’s English is perfect.
  2. Azman is a perfect batsman. His batting technique is perfect.
Record
  1. I recorded my voice on a tape.
  2. He owns a sound recording company.
  1. This instrument can record even the slightest change in temperature.
  Record
  1. He made a record in athletics.
  2. He holds the record for the fastest man in the world.
Estimate

[estiMATE]

  1. I estimate that they should arrive here at 5:00.
  2. I had estimated that it would take us about a week to finish this job.
  Estimate

[EStimate]

  1. What’s your estimate on repair of this machine?
  2. My estimate was wrong. The bicycle was more expensive than I thought.
  3. Your estimate was perfect. They arrived at exactly 5:00.
Present

[preSENT]

  1. A trophy was presented to the winning team.
  2. When will you present your report?
  Present

[PREsent]

  1. He’s not present here.
  2. She gave me a nice present.
Object

[obJECT]

  1. I’d like to open the window, if no one objects.
  2. The students objected that their teacher was going too fast.
  Object

[OBject]

  1. They saw an unidentified object in space.
  2. Physics deals with physical objects.
Subject

[subJECT]

(to bring under firm control)

  1. Hitler wanted to subject other countries to his rule.
  Subject

[SUBject]

  1. Physics is my favorite subject.
  2. She will speak up on the subject of poverty.
  3. The price of this product is subject to change
Frequent

[freQUENT]

(to be often in a place, esp. a place of entertainment)

  1. Police visited all the bars that the suspect frequented.
  2. They used to frequent the Nawaz Sharif Park.
  Frequent

[FREquent]

  1. Floods are frequent in this part of the world.
  2. He’s a frequent visitor to my house.
Intimate

[intiMATE]

(make known indirectly; suggest; imply)

  1. He intimated that he wanted to go.
  2. We haven’t been intimated about the department’s decision.
  Intimate

[INtimate]

  1. They are intimate friends.
  2. The relation between them is an intimate one.

 

(Disediakan oleh cikgu Siti Radhiah)

Some Catchy English Phrases

 

Idiom

Meaning

Example

As busy as a cat on a hot tin roof Very busy Mack is a full time student while holding a full time job. He’s as busy as a cat on a hot tin roof.
A cat has nine lives Cats can survive accidents that would kill most animals Fred is unbelievable. He was hit by a car, knocked off the bridge and into the water, and still showed up for work the next day. That cat has nine lives.
A leopard cannot change its spots One can’t change one’s basic identity  
Cat around Spend time aimlessly; seek sexual activity A: What’s Harvey doing?B: Nothing much; just catting around.
Cat fight A dispute carried out with great hostility I wouldn’t go in there if I were you. Hank and Sue are in a real cat fight.
Catwalk A narrow walkway, usually quite high up, used to allow workers to work above a stage or other area You want me to go up on that catwalk? No way! I’m afraid of heights.
When the cat’s away, the mice will play When an authority figure is absent, subordinates will do whatever they want A: Their parents were out of town for two days. They watched TV all night long and blasted music out loud all day.B: Well! When the cat’s away, the mice will play.
A cat in gloves catches no mice If you’re too careful and polite, you may not get what you want A: She owes me some money. I know she remembers but I’m afraid of reminding her because it might spoil our friendship.
Better be the head of a dog than the tail of a lion It’s better to be the leader of a small group than a follower of a bigger one He’s the chairman of a small company in a small city. He was offered the place of an assistant in a very big company with very high salary. However he turned it down. Better be the head of a dog than the tail of a lion.
Has the cat got your tongue? Why aren’t you saying anything? I’ve been talking for five minute now and you haven’t said anything. Has the cat got your tongue?
Curiosity killed the cat Being curious can get you in trouble, especially when you’re too nosy Why do you keep asking where he found his lost wallet? Curiosity killed the cat.
There’s more than one way to skin a cat There’s more than one way of doing things A: I don’t know how Mary does it. Even though she seems the most relaxed, she’s always the first to complete the work.B: Well, there’s more than one way to skin a cat.
Tomcat A male cat, (slang) woman chaser He tomcatted around before he got married.
Let the cat out of the bag Reveal a secret when you shouldn’t Why did you tell the children that we were going on a picnic? Now you’ve let the cat out of the bag.
Raining like cats and dogs Raining heavily It was raining cats and dogs. Even our umbrellas couldn’t keep us dry.
Get the tiger by the tail Take on a task for which one is ill-prepared or which may be a bigger challenge than anticipated You’re planning on starting your own computer business without knowing a thing about computers. Now you’ve got the tiger by the tail.
Lion’s share The largest portion Workers produce wealth for the capitalist but get very little reward. The capitalist gets the lion’s share.
Not enough room to swing a cat in Cramped place; congested There were so many of us in her office that there wasn’t enough room to swing a cat in.
Fight like cats and dogs A real nasty fight Did you see the two of them? They were fighting like cats and dogs.
Cat burglar A burglar who breaks into houses through upstairs windows At some time in the morning a cat burglar sneaked in and stole all her jewelry.
Play cat and mouse with someone To be evasive with someone; to toy with someone I know what you are up to. Don’t play cat and mouse with me.
Cat nap A short nap or doze Every afternoon he would close his office door and take a little cat nap.
Catcall shouting disapproval or insults; heckling The catcalls from the audience caused the speaker to pause.Those vulgar boys were making catcalls when two girls passed by.

Source : http://www.geocities.com/elcenglish/

(Disediakan oleh cikgu Siti Radhiah)

Improving your motivation for learning English

In this article, we share our techniques for improving your motivation for learning English as a foreign language. We used them all the time when we were learning English and we still use them when we need to boost our motivation in areas other than English.

Imagine yourself in the future

Imagine you can talk to native speakers just like you talk in your first language. Imagine other people wanting to speak English as well as you do. Imagine the possibility of writing e-mail to people from all over the world.

It is helpful to read an article about the advantages of knowing English well. There are two such articles on Antimoon: Why learn English and English makes you feel good.

You should know that it is possible to learn English really well. Just look at other people who have done it.

Remember that you are already good

You already know some English (you’re reading an article in English right now). That’s a big success! Now it’s time for more successes. Time to start using powerful methods of effective learning. Time to gain an impressive knowledge of English.

 

 

 

 

 

Remember there is a lot that you don’t know

You are good, but your English probably isn’t perfect. You probably can’t understand English-language TV, read books in English, talk to native speakers easily, write letters without mistakes, etc.

You should never think your English is perfect. Even if you are the best student in your class, always try to find your weak areas and work on them. When you’ve learned to speak English well, your problems will be quite small: punctuation, rarely used grammar structures, rare words, understanding “street language”. Right now, your problems are probably more basic: mistakes in pronunciation, small vocabulary, grammar problems with the present perfect tense and conditional structures.

Use your English whenever you can

This is very, very important. The more you use English, the more you will want to learn it.

Because English is so popular, you can use it everywhere. You can use Google to find English-language websites with interesting information, you can watch American cartoons, you can play adventure games on your computer, you can read interesting books in English, or you can do other things that we write about.

If you do these things, you will not only have fun and learn English. If you see that a new English word lets you understand your favorite TV show (or communicate with people, or beat a computer game), you will want to learn more words. So you will learn English more, use it more, learn it more, use it more… If you also use effective learning methods, your English will grow faster than you can imagine.

 

 

 

 

Talk to people about English

This is a very simple method, but it is very effective. Here’s how it works:

You usually talk about things which interest you. But the opposite is true, too. If you start talking about a boring subject, you will begin to get interested in it.

Imagine you are studying a subject that you hate. You are bored and tired, but you have to pass the test tomorrow. If there are people near you, you have two options: you can tell everybody how much you are suffering or you can tell those people about the things you’ve learned. If you choose the first option, you will only feel worse.

If you choose the second option, and start a conversation on the “boring” subject, you will begin to look at it in a totally different way. Suddenly it will become a subject worth talking about — therefore, an interesting subject.

How can you begin such a conversation? If you’re studying English, you can surprise another person by talking to him/her in English. Say (in English): Hi, I’m studying English and I hate it. Or you can say (in your first language): Hey, I’ve learned 50 English words today. Do you know what’s the English word for …? If there are no people near you, you can telephone or send an e-mail message to your friend.

What will your friends say? Probably they won’t be very interested, but it doesn’t matter! The important thing is this: After talking about English, you will study it with much more passion. Try it.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Find a friend who is learning English

If you can find a friend who is learning English and is on a similar level of skill, you will be in an excellent situation:

·             you will have someone to talk about English with. These conversations will increase your interest in English, as explained in the previous section.

·             learning English will be easier, because you will be able to discuss your problems with your friend.

·             you will study English more, because you will want to be better than your friend. 🙂

You should meet your friend regularly. Ideally, he/she should live near you, or go to the same school as you. If you absolutely can’t find anybody willing to learn English with you, you can try to find somebody by e-mail. This is a worse solution: your conversations will probably be less frequent, and it is difficult to compete with someone who you don’t know well.

Spend some money on learning English

If you spend your money on something, you will want to use it. For example, if you buy an expensive tennis racket, you will probably go out and play tennis every day.

This rule is also true for learning English. If you want to increase your desire to learn English, buy a new dictionary, an interesting English-language book, English-language cable TV, etc. The idea is simple: You paid for it, so you will want to use it, and you will improve your English.

There is a problem with this method. It only works for a short time. You usually lose your desire to learn English after a few days. To keep learning, you would have to buy something every week!

However, this method is helpful, because it gives you an impulse to start learning. For example, if you buy a dictionary of phrasal verbs, you will probably learn some words from it. Then you should try to use them. For example, write an e-mail message with these words. This will increase your motivation (as explained before), and you will learn more.

Read Unlimited Power by Anthony Robbins

Anthony Robbins’ book Unlimited Power: The New Science of Personal Achievement gives excellent advice on how to achieve any kind of goal. This book has changed the lives of many people, so you might want to take a look at it.

Remember that learning English requires action

We have said this many times. One small action is more powerful than reading hundreds of articles. Yes, we know it is very hard to do things, even if they are good for us. We humans are lazy creatures. That is why not many people speak English well.

Still, we hope you can do the things we talk about in our English learning method — not only read about them. You will be successful only if you change something about your life.

Don’t put it off. Begin now.

Source:  http://antimoon.com/how/motiv.htm

(Disediakan oleh Cikgu Siti Radhiah Shamsudin)